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European Regional Report 2003

for International IPPNW Board of Directors meeting in Cuba

Belgium
Association Medicin pour la Prévention de la Guerre Nucléaire (AMPGN)


War against Iraq
The situation in Belgium is different from many other countries because the government and especially the Minister for Foreign Affairs held a position quite close to ours. During a well watched TV debate, he said to the American (unofficial) representative, "we may be your allies, but we are not your valet." And he repeated this stance a large number of times in various media. Some people felt he was overdoing it, that a small country should not have outstretched itself so. Anyway, it pleased public opinion and he has just been re-elected with more than 300 000 votes.

Our activities are to be seen over this background. The main outlet of our feelings has been our bulletin (that you have) treating this crisis since the fall of 2002. We stressed that the real problem is not Iraq, but adaptation of Arab societies to the modern world. We published several papers in the national press, the main one in two long columns in February:"Belgium must in no way participate to the war in Iraq" We gave several lectures to various audiences to explain we had no sympathy for Saddam Hussein but that the real danger was a possible enhancement of Islamic terrorism against the West (a prediction that unfortunately materializes). AMPGN participated with flying banners at two or more public demonstrations, but was inconspicuous among 25 000 and later 70 000 other participants

An interesting legal side debate was raised in Belgium about official collaboration within NATO, to a war both the public and officialdom consider as illegal. The problem was the transfer of US military material through Antwerp. The Ministry said we were bound by secret NATO agreements dating back to 1971, in a very different context. Lawyers raised doubts about the legality of such secret agreements in view of more general al international treaties and the UN Charter. The government declared they would try to modify these confidential agreements through negotiations.
We think the presence on our soil of American nuclear heads is based on similar agreements in violation of the NPT. We intend to point out the similarity and to obtain a removal of these weapons from Kleine Brogel air base.And hope they will join the two issues.A preliminary meeting will soon take place.

Finland
Lääkärin sosiaalinen vastuu (LSV)


1) We translated the MedAct report Collateral Damage on the Health consequences of the War in Iraq and arranged a press conference about the issue, the Minister of Foreign Affairs (Erkki Tuomioja) was present at the pressconference. Unfortunately it didn't help to stop the war. We also gave numerous TV, radio and newspaper interviews about the health consequenses of the war

2) We are planning on a Nordic seminar on the nuclear war issue together with SLMK. The three day seminar willl be held in Finland (Aland Islands) at the end of september. We plan to invite the Nordic countries + the Russian affiliate + maybe the Baltic countries. The training seminar will give facts about the issue but also aim at preparing our members especially concerning lobbying skills towards politicians but also the general public. This is at the same time the first preparations for the IPPNW World Congress in Helsinki 2006.

Germany
Internationale Ärzte für die Verhütung des Atomkrieges/Ärzte in sozialer Verantwortung (IPPNW)


The main focus of the German affiliate from November 2002 to May 2003 has been the war on Iraq and the Congress "Culture of Peace" (May 1 - 4). Aside from this, work on the nuclear weapons issue included analysis of the North Korean situation, participation at the NPT PrepCom in Geneva and the publication of the IPPNW study on the Health Effects of the "Bunker Buster" in German. Initial planning has begun for the European Congress in May 2004 on nuclear energy and nuclear weapons and the organisation of the European Student Meeting in Berlin (11-15 June 2003) is well underway.

War on Iraq
An international IPPNW postcard campaign was initiated by the German affiliate at the beginning of the year under the title "Not in My Name" addressed to George W. Bush, which was taken up by Medact and MAPW. Central Office also distributed postcards. (PSR was consulted on the wording of the message to Bush, but decided not to take up the postcard themselves) A massive response in Germany to the postcard, which included a second postcard to Gerhard Schroeder, resulted in more than 100,000 postcard orders.
A 4 page leaflet in German summarising the Medact report "Collateral Damage" had an similar response from members and non-members alike.
The media campaign "Not in Our Name" began in January and ended in April 2003. The issues covered in 10 press conferences and 15 press releases included the health effects of a war on Iraq, the International Study Team report, the use of depleted uranium weapons and cluster bombs, the psychological effects of war on children in Iraq, humanitarian aid, health care, nuclear earth penetrator weapons, violation of international law and Geneva Conventions, peace flags (bandiera della pace) and others. International guests included Robert Musil of PSR, USA, Judy Cook of Medact, UK, Denis Halliday, former Coordinator of the Oil for Food programme in Iraq and Vic Sidel, former Co-President of IPPNW. This campaign was very successful in building a strong relationship between the media and IPPNW and resulted in much press coverage before and during the war.
A joint appeal of the German, French and British IPPNW affilates to Chirac, Blair and Schroeder drew attention to the Medact report and the leaked UN Report "Likely Humanitarian Scenarios".
Angelika Claußen, Chair of the German affiliate until March 2003, travelled to Iraq in January and reported on the health situation there at many meetings and events, as well as to the media. She will be returning, together with Professor Gottstein, to Baghdad on May 13th to deliver medical supplies to hospitals there and to plan further humanitarian aid with doctors there. This is part of a wider humanitarian programme for children in Iraq and to give immediate assistance to medical centres.

Congress "Culture of Peace"
This Congress had over 1000 participants and covered many issues relating to peace, including conflicts in Iraq and Israel/Palestine, military policy and technology, media and war, gender and conflict, civil rights, globalisation and many other topics. International speakers included Ron McCoy, Vandana Shiva, John McArthur, Neville Alexander, Nicola Bullard, Norman Birnbaum, Hilary Wainwright and Dario Azzelini.

Nuclear Weapons
A background paper analysing the North Korean situation and a press release calling for a diplomatic solution constituted the IPPNW German response to the crisis on the North Korean peninsula.
The IPPNW "bunker buster" study was translated into German and released as an exclusive to Spiegel-Online. Vic Sidel came to Berlin on the way to the NPT PrepCom in Geneva and spoke to the press about the development of new nuclear weapons in the USA.
Xanthe Hall participated in the NPT PrepCom in the 2nd week and the Abolition 2000 yearly meeting. It was decided that Abolition 2000 should push for greater NGO participation at the NPT conferences, in particular the NPT RevCon 2005. An initiative together with the Mayors for Peace is to result in greater cooperation with local cities on disarmament and the NPT. An Abolition 2000 Education Project is proposed, as a response to the DDA Disarmament Education Initiative and the proposal of several states at the NPT to educate the public on disarmament and non-proliferation. The German Abolition Network, which is coordinated by IPPNW Germany, will be creating an internet presentation A-Z of nuclear weapons, providing basic information on nuclear weapons, disarmament and related issues.

Greece

Activities on the war in Iraq:
The activities of the Hellenic Branch of IPPNW were:
Before the attack in Iraq on February 2 we had a meeting in the University of Athens about DU weapons; on February 8 in the city Gargaliani (Pelloponese) a speech about the expected war in Iraq. On February 17 in Vrilissia a municipality meeting "Stop the war"; on March 13 speech in Chalkida; on March 15 in Thessaloniki International Congress against the war.
During the war: March 20 the press conference about the paper of Vic Sidel et al, in the Medical Association of Athens; on April 13 press conference against the use of the Greek harbor Suda by USA for the attack in Iraq; on April 2 in Polytechnic University of Athens speech about the responsibility of scientists; on April 4 in University of Athens meeting about Martin Luther King; on April 8 in island Syros speech about the consequences of the war; on April 14 Athens (syndicate of telecommunications) speech about the consequences of the war; on April 20 island of Aegina speech about the war.
Before and during the war almost every day there was an article by one of us in the daily Press and appearances every day (many days 4-5 times per day) on radio and TV stations. We participated in ALL demonstrations and there were many and with thousands of people. On May 3 there was a meeting in Athens of the EU ministers of Enviromnent and we had an anti meeting about the consequences of the war on the environment, and demonstrations. This month is 40 years after the assassination of Lambrakis (remember the film Z of Gavras?) He was a doctor of medicine, a parliamentarian and pacifist - the first who organised the Marathon Peace march in Greece. Every year we honor his memory by marching from Marathon to Athens. This year we organise more: this Sunday (May 11) there is a demonstration from his native town Kerasitsa in Tripolis (Pelloponese). We as IPPNW published my book about the medical work of Lambarkis in the 25 Anniversary and this year we publish a new book about the role of Lambrakis in the pacifist movement in Greece. Trigazis and myself are the authors and it will be presented onMay 27. We will also give to the President of the Greek Parliament, Mr Apostolos Kaklamanis, 500 signatures of personalities asking to honor Lambrakis in the Parliament.

Netherlands
Nederlandse Vereniging voor Medische Polemologie (NVMP)


Dialogue between India and Pakistan - In the shadow of the nuclear threat
In cooperation with Karel Koster of PENN (Project on European Nuclear Non-Proliferation) we organised on April 28th 2002 a dialogue between India and Pakistan. The purpose of the meeting was to create a platform for the Indian and Pakistani peace movements and to start a dialogue between the Indian and Pakistani communities in the Netherlands and the Dutch peace movement. The situation in India and Pakistan was debated, and focussed on the problem of nuclear arms in both countries.
The speakers where Achin Vanaik, an independent scholar and journalist and co-founder of the Movement in India for Nuclear Disarmament; Pervez Hoodbhoy, a professor of nuclear and high energy physics in Pakistan and member of South Asians Against Nukes; and Suzan van der Heijden , a representative of the Dutch peace movement.
This resulted in a very well attended day (160 participants) and a very constructive and innovative discussion. The organisers from the Dutch Indian and Pakistani communities even spoke of an historic meeting. The English report of this day can be found at our website or ordered at our office.

Global Health Education

One of our more than one year activities is the project Global Health Education, which is runned mainly by students, trying to establish 'Global Health'-courses in the curricula of all Dutch medical faculties. This has developed into a special project with external financing. As a coordinator Mrs. Barbara Schimmer is now working part-time on the project. She's busy with lobbying activities and the promotion of the Global Health issue to all medical faculties of our country.
Existing educational material is inventarised and complemented where necessary.

Iraq
Of course a lot of attention was applied to the Medact report 'Collateral Damage'. A major press-release showed some serious interest from the media and resulted in several radio interviews and articles in national newspapers.
Also we were very active in writing to our politicans on several occasions before and during the pre-emptive war against Iraq to protest against this illegal action as well as the unacceptable humanitarian suffering caused by it.
On May 24th we will organise a national Congress entitled: 'Collateral damage' at which former General Kees Homan and Geert Van Moorter, a doctor who was in Bagdad during the war, will analyse what happened from a different point of view.

Bioterrorism
another main issue during the latter half of this year will be 'Bioterrorism'. Several actions from our government made people worry about the actual dangers of the use of bio-weapons by terrorists. What can be done and how to organise this are vital questions.

President
Our President Herman Spanjaard has been very active on the international level. He took part in the delegation of the Nuclear Capitals program, Hague Appeal for Peace Board activities and has regular contact with the Central Office regarding finances and program planning.

Norway
Norske Leger mot Atomvapen (NLA)


NLA 20 years old
NLA was founded on October 9, 1982. The twentieth anniversary was celebrated on November 9 in the Norwegian Academy of Science with a seminar on disarmament and political issues in today's world, and a dinner with prominent guest from other Nordic affiliaties of IPPNW, The Norwegian medical association, politicians, artists, and other Norwegian peace organisations.

NLA Prize of honour
The board of NLA in 2002 launched a prize of honour that can be awarded to members of NLA and others who have given an extraordinary contribution to our cause of nuclear disarmament and peace. The 2002 prizes of honor were awarded to Kirsten Osen and Anne Grieg.

Collaboration with other NGOs
NLA is a member of the Norwegian Peace Council and of Abolition 2000. We have also joined the coalition of several Norwegian political and other organizations called "The Peace Initiative - No War on Iraq". NLA collaborates with "No Nuclear Weapons" (Nei til Atomvåpen) and The National Pugwash Committee in arranging meetings and making contacts with MPs and the government on disarmament issues.

Summit for Survival
Two doctors and four students attended IPPNW's 15th world congress "Summit for Survival" in Washington DC, May 1-5.

Dialogue with Decision Makers
NLA has joined a Nordic group that has taken responsibility for the continuation and coordination of the IPPNW program for Seminars and Dialogue with Decision Makers in the nuclear weapons states and NATO. The person responsible for this in our board is Ellen-Ann Antal.

IPPNW Action Alert and Rx-abolition
NLA tries to respond to all IPPNW Action Alert and "Rx-abolition" activities whenever they are launched from the IPPNW central office. We are also a member of the twelve-country group for coordinated actions against the so-called National Missile Defence.

Collateral Damage
NLA took part in the coordinated global launch of the Medact medical report "Collateral Damage" in November. We wrote about the report in the Journal of the Norwegian Medical Association and spread it to most newspapers with a broad coverage.

Other activities
During 2002 representatives from NLA during 2002 participated in 22 international and national meetings about peace and disarmament, and published about 25 articles in newspapers and journals. We are also active writing letters to our government and other politicians, and to foreign embassies about nuclear weapons, subcritical nuclear weapons tests, peace and disarmament.

Sweden
Svenska Lakäre mot Kernvapen (SLMK)

Dialogue with Decision Makers
Together with Russian PPNW we have arranged meetings in Moscow from which we have just returned. We had meetings on the Human Factor issue with a number of high level specialist, with the speaker of the State Duma, with the minister of Minatom, and at the Foreign Ministry. Prof Lloyd Dumas and Dr Christina Lundius were interviewed during 1,5 hours by Prof Kapitza in is scientific TV program on the question of the Human Factor and angerous technologies like Nuclear weapons. A very popular program which s sent on Saturday evenings over the whole of CIA. We also had a pecialist meeting at the editorial board of Rossiska Gazeta with a ollowing press conference which has already resulted in articles.
SLMK has also been represented at dialogue meetings in London, Paris, Budapest and NATO.

Nuclear Weapons
We have also supported the India/Pakistan project and Hans Levander has been in the region to prepare for further meetings in autumn.
Richard Fristedt is working with the international NW Inheritance project and was with a student group visiting India and students at different universities discussing nuclear weapons. He also visited Moscow and S:T Petersburg in his planning for new meetings.
SLMK has also continued the project to inform young students on the Nuclear weapons issue. The former booklet "Facts and Reflections" is now updated and available in a web based information program. It will be translated into English in autumn.
There is also a Nordic IPPNW project organised by Sweden and Finland aimed at informing doctors and students about the basic facts of Nuclear weapons so that they can go to schools and universities to inform further. It will be held as a conference to, from and on the Island of Aland in September.
SLMK also had a delegation at the NPT Prepcom in Geneva.
Locally SLMK is also cooperating with other professional groups against nuclear weapons on a series of programs and exhibitions.

SLMK and Danish PPNW have also started a cooperation on a joint newsletter.

Switzerland
PSR/IPPNW Schweiz


With great regret we report the 'black weekend' in Switzerland of May 18th, when IPPNW Switzerland together with approx. 25 other NGO's lost the double vote on nuclear energy: A Yes for a Moratorium would have stopped further investments in nuclear power plants and Would have limited their overall running time to 40 years. A Yes for the more stringent 2nd initiative 'Strom ohne Atom' would have phased out nuclear energy by the year 2014. The majority of the Swiss population followed the Govts. Recommendation and the argument, That a 'phaseout' would be too expensive in difficult economic times and voted 2x No to those initiatives.

This Vote represents a full loss for our affiliate and a personal loss for many of our exec. committee membersm who for many years have dedicated substantial time for this fight. Our Arguments (risk of terroristic attacks, health risks as evidenced by reports on the state of Health of children in Belarus), which were voiced during 2 scientific meetings in the past two years have either not been heard or not taken seriously by the voters and our decision makers.

We would have so much liked to help to lead our country into the camp of the majority of European countries, which already have decided to leave nuclear energy or are nuclear Energy free. We are extremely disappointed, numbed and hurt but do have to accept this democratic decision.

Turkey
Health Professionals for Peace and Environment and Against Nuclear Threat - IPPNW Turkey (NÜSED).


Main activities:
21-24 March 2002: IPPNW Middle East Peace Meeting in Antalya-Turkey.
26-27 April 2002: Turkish Executive Board (Onaran, Boztok and Ozturk) visit to colleagues in Diyarbakir .
30 June 2002: Affiliate 7th General Congress (with elections)
6 November 2002: Commemoration activities for Prof. Nusret Fisek (founder of socialized public health system in Turkey) - NUSED Peace Concert and publicity, and start of signature campaign "Call for Peace at Home and in the World Against War in Iraq".
27 December 2002: NUSED Conference - "Iraq Question and Peace in the Middle East" with Ass. Prof. Meliha Altunisik (Middle East Technical University/ International Relations) -- accompanied by peace call press release and signature campaign on Iraq.
25 January 2003: NUSED contribution to commemoration activities for the assassinated journalist Ugur Mumcu in "Justice and Democracy Week" - Panel discussion moderated by NUSED President Onaran, panel Prof. Sukru Sina Gurel, former Minister of Foreign Affairs and Assoc. Prof. Mustafa Kibaroglu, Bilkent Univ. / International Relations: "Peace in the Middle East" -- accompanied by peace call press release and signature campaign for Iraq.
25 February 2003: NUSED Peace Call and signatures with IPPNW Call and international signatures, McCoy letters to Annan and Bush delivered to Turkish Grand National Assembly (Parliament) -- visits to Social Democrat Group chairs and other MPs. Texts e-mailed to all MPs and media.
7 March 2003: Turkish Parliament Chair Mr. Bulent Arinc greeted NUSED Executive Board at the Parliament.
30 April 2003: NUSED Peace Dinner on the 16th Anniversary of Legal Fight for NUSED's foundation. The dinner was held at the Parliament's Recreational Facility with about 150 attendees including MPs who supported NUSED.

United Kingdom
Medical Action for Global Security (Medact)

Violence, Conflict and Health

Terrorism and war as public health issues
Medact has consistently rejected the 'war on terrorism' as a counterproductive response to 9/11 and urged that other approaches to achieving security should be tried. At our 2002 Annual Conference, 'The Disease of Terrorism: Causes and Cures' the main point to emerge was that there can be no general theory of terrorism; its use is always embedded in the values and economic, social and political structures of the society around it. A resolution was passed calling on the Executive Committee to do its utmost, in collaboration with other peace organisations, to prevent recourse to war.
In the Spring issue of Communiqué Richard Horton, editor of the Lancet, and Vivienne Nathanson, director of professional activities at the BMA, gave a public health perspective on the war on terrorism together with their views on alternative approaches to achieving security.

Collateral Damage report gets worldwide coverage
In an attempt to provide an estimate of the possible consequences of the impending war on Iraq, Medact commissioned a special report, 'Collateral Damage: the likely health and environmental costs of war on Iraq' . This was written by international health consultant Jane Salvage with the assistance of a panel of expert advisers and two medical students (Catherine Ford and Robert Henderson) who helped with research. It was released on 12 November 2002 in London, in the US at a press conference in Washington, DC and in more than a dozen other IPPNW affiliate countries on the same day. The report was extensively covered in the world media and continues to receive attention and coverage.
The report's account of the first Gulf War and presentation of the potentially enormous humanitarian and environmental costs of a new one, as well as expert views of the conflict scenario most likely to unfold in a US-led war against Iraq, was reaffirmed and supplemented by several other subsequent reports and documents. It has been translated into eight languages and has been presented by speakers across the UK and in other parts of the world.
Medact President June Crown urged the 'international leaders and decision-makers struggling with the difficult issues of terrorism and conflict, and who aim to establish and maintain peace, to reflect on our findings'.

Iraq Health Monitoring Project started
Following the outbreak of war on Iraq Medact set up an Iraq Health Monitoring Project to gather and disseminate information on the short, medium and long-term health consequences of the war. With the help of a panel of expert advisers, a set of indicators was agreed and information was sought from contacts inside Iraq, as well as from aid agencies, the media, academics and other sources. The project is part funded by Oxfam and the Polden-Puckham Charitable Foundation, and is carried out in association with International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War.

Promoting Health in Afghanistan
Following the Symposium in January 2002, Medact has continued to convene the network concerned about the reconstruction of the health system in Afghanistan. A Workshop on 'Reconstruction of the Health System in Afghanistan: capacity building in primary care and public health' was held on April 10 at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in association with Medact and the Postgraduate Centre for Refugee Doctors. A report can be found on the Medact website.
Medact will continue to facilitate a network of ngos, other organisations and individuals in the UK who are involved in or have an interest in this work. It can be accessed through gillreeve@medact.org.

Abolishing Nuclear Weapons
The US Nuclear Posture Review announced in January 2002 with its emphasis on an expanded role for nuclear weapons, the US refusal to ratify the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, its development of new weapons such as bunker-busters, and its recent declaration of a pre-emptive nuclear strike policy (also adopted by the UK) have effectively signaled the end of nuclear arms control.
Medact has worked in several different fora to try to counteract these policies. Liz Waterston and colleagues of International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War have continued to conduct dialogue with decision-makers in a number of key locations. In September 2002 they met relevant officials in Hungary - which was to chair the next session of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty. At the end of October they visited the UK Government and MPs in London and then went on to Nato - where they have been invited to return.
Medact has had input in the UK Nuclear Issues Working Group, a network of the agencies that meet regularly to share information on nuclear policy and nuclear weapons issues. It was a founder member of the Nuclear Weapons Awareness Project, set up under the auspices of Pugwash in September 2002 to develop a public awareness campaign on the continuing threat of nuclear weapons and nuclear war.

Opposition to Missile Defense (MD)
Despite world wide concern, the US Missile Defense Scheme got the green light in June 2002 with the construction of the first Ground-based Midcourse Defense Test Bed. Medact has continued to play a role in the UK Missile Defense Forum which opposes the US scheme. The group has produced publications setting out the arguments against MD and visited Menwith Hill and Fylingdales which will be part of the Missile Defence operation in the UK. Medact also took part in a Health and Security Alert on Missile Defence with the Australian and Danish IPPNW affiliates who also face MD installations on their territory.

Refugee Health Network
In March of 2002 the Refugee Health Network started an email discussion group allowing those many individuals who had come together in earlier seminars to share information and resources. The initial group of twenty three members has grown over its first year to a hundred and forty nine. Members are a diverse group and include Directors of Public Health, GPs, health visitors and medical students. The network has become the first stop for those looking for expert help or wanting to share new resources concerning refugee and asylum seeker help with other health workers.
In February of 2003, the fourth Medact seminar "Improving Refugee Health" was held in London. The seminar was once again oversubscribed with many members travelling across the UK to attend. The seminar was held just one month after the Government's controversial withdrawal of benefit from "late" asylum claimants. Senior representatives of the Department of Health attended to give an overview of current provision and discuss future projects. Topics raised by participants included concern over dispersal methods and difficulties in the GP registration process faced by many asylum seekers.
After the February seminar it was agreed the network needed to review what had been achieved in the past two years and begin to look at how it should develop to best serve the needs of both refugees and health workers. We will be holding a meeting in June to form a steering group of Medact members who will oversee this future development.

Health, poverty and development
This year, Medact's attention has been focused on the need to push for integration of health into the poverty reduction agenda which dominates global development discourse. An individual's health and their access to health care are key assets, especially for poor people. Recent work has highlighted the need to strengthen these key 'health claims' of the poor, whilst keeping an eye on the broader agenda of globalisation and economic reform which threaten to undermine them. Work finished or in progress on these areas is available on the Medact website. We have participated in meetings in Geneva (with the WHO) and Nairobi (with civil society partners from Africa, Latin America and South Asia) which have highlighted these issues, and continue our close work with partners in Holland and Finland to help us influence donor policies.
A new key objective of our work, which we have been developing over the last year, is to highlight the human resource crisis in health systems in low-income countries, and in particular the problems caused by the 'skills drain' of health professionals from developing to developed countries. We are pleased to be working on this task with new partners in the Southern Africa-based Equinet network.
The shock resignation of Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland as the Director General of the World Health Organisation, brought about an election process in January 2003. Medact worked with other civil society organisations to highlight the 'democratic-deficit' in global health governance, and participated in the first debate between some of the candidates for the post of Director General. We continue to work with the International People's Health Council and the People's Health Movement in pushing all of these issues forward.

Environment
Work on the environment has continued to progress. We were pleased to welcome Dr Jonathan Tomlinson as a volunteer who did valuable work trying to tie various aspects of our work together. Drs Anna Hansell and Cathy Read organised a successful seminar on environmental and health inequalities with the Royal Society of Medicine in March, and future work on this subject and the environmental sustainability of health care institutions is likely to occur over the coming year.

Students and Curriculum
Health professional students of today will carry forward Medact's agenda in the future. Much of our time is spent lecturing around the country on the need for those involved in health to confront global problems and highlight their health aspects. Our curricula on global health studies continues to make an impact around the world, and we hope to embark on follow-up work in this area in the near future. Our medical student partners in MedSIN (the Medical Students' International Network) have continue to grow stronger over the last year, and their exciting annual conference in October 2002 drew 300 participants from all over the UK. Together, Medact and MedSIN are campaigning for the introduction of global health into the medical curriculum in all UK medical schools over the coming years.

Landmine Action
Medact is acting as a partner in a project implemented by Landmine Action in Sudan, which has been funded by Comic Relief. The project is a highly innovative programme which aims to support mine clearance in several parts of the country and at the same time build peaceful relations in this conflict-torn country. Medact is pleased to be continuing its work with Landmine Action, an organisation whose initial development we supported ten years ago. Watch editions of Communiqué in 2003 for more information about this initiative

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